Indaco 5 – fifth lesson – 2 November 2002
Excerpted and edited from the Neapolitan masters’ of 1979
Further edited in 2010
SOUND AND ENERGY
According to a statement issued by the World Health Organisation (WHO), “for all pathologies in which behavioural, emotional and spiritual factors play a significant role, it is difficult to support the view that the scientific method has made any noteworthy contribution. Indeed, some believe that there are clear signs of deterioration.”
Contradictions aside, it is at least a step in the right direction. I reproduce the citation here, because, alongside over-simplifications and debatable generalisations, you will find here statements that go against scientific orthodoxy, which has nonetheless earned itself the disapproval even of the WHO.
Form, says Reich in functional thought, is nothing but “frozen movement”.
Scientific studies have shown that, as I have already noted with regard to the cerebral hemispheres, Westerners are left-dominant, and their education is therefore right-deficient, which has led to a loss of progressive imagination (politics offers a clear example, both for liberals and conservatives, even though there is apparently no connection). Western scientific studies have therefore diminished their faith in higher values, something for which, because analogue, there is a crying need. The enormous proliferation of visual messages (viewed predominantly with the right eye, which is the domain of the left hemisphere) is both the result and the main cause of this deficiency, and, from television to text messages, this can only lead to an increasingly serious deficit, given the pre-fabricated nature of the stereotypes they all too often provide to the detriment of image-building stimuli; without wishing to detract from the importance of the left hemisphere. On the contrary, we are fully aware of the importance of this world in which everything is on tick. It is becoming increasingly difficult for my patients to construct visual images during treatment. Likewise, they are showing deficiencies in logical reasoning due to analogical difficulties. Even in essays at school, contrary to what was the case in my day, students are more likely to opt for comforting historical themes rather than the free essay (remember these are observations made in 1979). Basically, analogy is missing from the dimension of logic and the whole universe of analogical thinking is swamped by reason. Result: confused creativity and brittle logical, both leading to false analyses and false syntheses. Thus, a world has been born which is made up primarily of words and what is apparently “hot air”. I say ‘apparently’ because it is in fact a mask concealing a very different reality. As the great psychoanalyst Bergler has remarked: “with the renunciation of homicide in cultural societies, let us not forget that words have had malice and aggression as their main weapon.”
Fortunately, the book The Basic Neurosis, from which the remark was taken, was written by Bergler over half a century ago, and not in our so-called “world of communication”, where the parallel is clearly less extreme. And, as for homicide, I don’t think it has been completely renounced. As they say: “words kill more than swords”. Draw your own conclusions, beyond appearances, about our and other people’s ‘chatter’ and what lies beneath it. I think it was the CIA that said that “when there is confusion someone gains”, and about that there is no question.
J.L. Bernard speaks of tantra as a sacred science of energy, the cornerstone of Knowledge. If we move dynamically from the static state of a point along the radius of desire (or field of consciousness), and we describe a spiral growing out of that point, we obtain the line of force of cosmic energies known as the Todeschini spiral (from the name of the author of Psychobiophysics, a difficult book which poses a challenge of heroic proportions to the reader), or a third degree hyperbolic spiral, which is, surprise, what we may see through the electronic microscope in various crystals, especially silicon carbide. In a simplified form, the spiral features also in Egyptian hieroglyphics from the early dynasties, on certain megaliths and in a wide range of representations from a variety of populations (for instance the Maoris of New Zealand). Naturally, the spiral appears in the writings of Reich, in Cosmic Superimposition, when he makes reference to the shapes, for instance, of shells, hurricanes, galaxies, and whatever else you care to think of. Note: “chance”, again, would have it that spirals in shells are always right-ward (see the swastika, as opposed to the sauwastika). If ever you should become the owner of an extremely rare example of a left-ward spiralling shell, you would live a life of ease for the rest (or almost) of your life by selling it.
Reich says: “The essential point consists in the emergence of inert mass from the frozen state of kinetic energy”, and later: “The rotating wave is the integration of circular motion and forward motion”. Obviously, this applies also to the orgonic energy within a living organism. Energy, for those who have not yet made the connection, which generates the shape of the shell and its externally fixed growth.
Now I can begin with sound.
To start with, some definitions. Sound is a sensation within the human ear caused by longitudinal waves of compression and rarefaction generated in the air by a body vibrating with a rapid periodical movement. We perceive frequencies between 20 Hz and 20 kHz. The Hertz is therefore the unit of measurement we use, with 1 Hertz corresponding to 1 cycle or period per second. A wave has a “belly” above the line and a “belly” below the line. From end to end, we have a cycle, or period. Further, its height in relation to the horizontal line is called amplitude. A simple sinusoidal motion is pure (e.g. the diapason), but usually there is an overlapping of many simple sinusoidal sounds, in which the dominant one is known as fundamental, whereas the others are known as harmonic. The height of the sound is the number of vibrations per second, in other words the frequency. The intensity, which is the force, depends on the amplitude, and the speed of sound through the air in particular predefined conditions is approximately 340km/second.
Resonance occurs when a system which is able to oscillate at its own frequency receives impulses with the same frequency. This leads to an increase in amplitude. It is the case of two penduli, one of which is set in motion when the other oscillates. The same applies to sound and, in physics, to electromagnetism (the propagation of electromagnetic waves was studied by Hertz). I believe that the same occurs in chain explosions, where there is no direct contact between the first explosion and the following ones, which occur by “sympathy”.
We speak of a beat, on the other hand, when two oscillations of different frequency and similar intensity overlap. At high frequency, an inaudible oscillation which is made to interfere with another inaudible oscillation of similar frequency generates an audible beat.
By analogy, these remarks connect easily with what we define as sympathy or antipathy between human beings, and may lead us to reflect on its importance, and its desirability or non-desirability in how we influence others. There is no connection here with the voluntary nature of the effect, which depends on other factors, resembling rather the independent action of biorhythms, which cannot be altered. This autonomy of effects concerns also, albeit with limitations, Sheldrake’s morphogenetic fields (A New Science of Life).
Another matter, on the other hand, is radionics (David Tansley), where, aside from interpretations of mechanisms, two things are certain: intention and contact (not necessarily physical), even though the end result is a vibratory modification.
It is frankly difficult, perhaps pointless, to distinguish vibrations, sound and colour from each other, because they are one and the same and they are interchangeable, especially when speaking of therapeutic effects. As tools, however, they have different visibility. The manner in which information and modifications reach the whole body through the ear as it perceives sound is not the same as when the eye receives its three billion items of information per second, with the division of white light into the seven colours of the visible spectrum. There are therefore different ways in which the coded subliminal messages between cells in DNA communication occur. To summarise, communications adapt, change, extend relations between vibrating objects in the universe. Further: the perception of vibratory communication in humans sets the tone for what follows. I have said elsewhere that we are what we think we are: this is communication which is not only in the now, but also contains a prediction about the future.
I would add that we cannot use a voice we cannot hear (deaf-muteness), similarly to self-perception and inner deafness. What’s more – since it was inevitable that we should come to tantra – the fifth chakra, which corresponds to the throat (chakras in India are energetic centres), is the last one to be associated with a sense. The senses are the gateways through which the outside world enters. When in a state of sensory deprivation, when a human becomes disconnected from the external context, reason is lost in a short time, and death soon follows. Likewise, it is not possible not to communicate. I was saying that the fifth chakra, the throat chakra, is connected to hearing; the sixth and seventh chakras no longer have any connection with the senses, but are connected to other dimensions, about which we are confused, to say the least. The first chakra concerns the sense of smell, the second taste, the third sight, the fourth touch and the fifth hearing. Language is commonly full of precise references to these functions. For instance, “to stick one’s nose into someone’s affairs” is a clear reference to the most material and densest centre, namely the first; likewise “to have good taste”, “to be tactful”, and so on. With a little attention, one can understand the dominant type of one’s interlocutor from their personal characteristics.
Sound waves, therefore, and their vibrations, lead to resonance or dissonance by natural means, and as energy they cause favourable or non-favourable transformations. Given that everything belongs to this planet, any separation or dissonance in respect of the environment will clearly result in maladaptation, unhappiness and disease. There is no need to bore you with the usual conclusions. If the discourse was ancient in the East, it was not so in the West, at least not since a certain age when they became separated. Ernest Chledni, in the 18th century, used his eidophone to show that by making a pure sound vibrate beneath a surface covered with sand on a thin layer of material, figures would form corresponding to the type of sound. Something like the manner in which shavings of metal orient themselves when exposed to a magnetic field. The figures, which are similar to mandalas or yantras, and are in any case tantric symbols, clearly show the integration between the verbal or auditory and the visual instruments, between the left and right hemispheres, of masculine and feminine, etc. Ultimately, the unity of opposites.
Nature’s forms may be found in a variety of media. What a coincidence. The effects of sound on biological structures are obvious. Whichever way we look at it, we are immersed in vibrational rhythms, since everything is vibration and rhythm, and it is clear that we can be in resonance or dissonance with the vibrations of the natural universe, in other words in a state of balance or imbalance with the natural functioning of things. The consequences of such “dysphasia” require no explanations. And this should remind you of Reich.
Unification and resonance are the objectives of Tantra, which is a guide to research on reconciliation through mantras and yantras: a ‘mantra’ is in fact something which protects (man plus tra). Needless to say, mantras require some attention.
In the complex world of studies on and applications of sound, I have selected a few names, thus shamefully discounting those of hundreds of other eminent men. Equally shamefully, but for different reasons, I will treat them only briefly and unsatisfactorily:
The interest in and practice of sound, for various reasons, from “In the beginning was the Word” to today, are, as the saying goes, lost in the mists of time. Ultimately, it comes down to the unifying acknowledgement of universal energetic vibrations. To the simple assumption that each body emits and receives specific vibrations and functions as an oscillator-emitter that is connected to everything.
1) TANTRA (Rawson, Avalon, et alia)
As the auditory instrument of Tantra, the mantra is made up of syllables which contain great power. Ultimately, every word is a mantra, and influences both the one who utters it and those who listen to it. Something to be remembered, especially by those, like therapists, who take responsibility for a form of communication which may lead to either healing or disease. I have already mentioned the Koran, where Allah equipped us with two ears and only one mouth, meaning that we should say half of what we can listen to. An admirable, though oft forgotten, piece of advice.
The mantra influences both spheres of the brain, as well as both the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems, and is often associated with yantras (visual mantras). Unfortunately, the two hemispheres in humans do not function symmetrically, and the left hemisphere predominates (see the beginning of ‘Stress and Related Matters’ 2). As with all actions, the repetition of a mantra increases its power. Given the complexity of the components of a mantra, they were surely created in a state of altered consciousness, or, as the story goes, were given by the divine being itself. The science of mantras is extremely varied, and the categories are many. There are even mantras for subduing and killing (maran mantra, which leads to immediate death, without disease). In that case, however, the leverage required for activating such a mantra is such that anyone who was capable of doing so would contradict it by uttering it. What’s more, the mantra would reflect back onto the utterer. The question therefore arises why it should exist at all. It is my view that it simply represents a powerful possibility, nothing more. And this, you may rest assured, is why a black magic curse will return to the one who made it, if they are capable of activating it in the first place, whereas, for the same reason, good thoughts and white magic are beneficial both for those who activate them and those who receive them.
Repeating the mantra is called japa, and is practised by all religions (consider our rosary, which is a mala, or a tool used for repetition). The inner, or written japa, is more powerful than the vocal japa. My mother-in-law, for instance, who, although not an Indian of 2500 years ago, is nevertheless the closest thing to it, alleviates rheumatism with some kind of rhyming mantra repeated many times which she learned from her grandmother, when she was a child. And what of the grandmother? It is an unfortunate fact that in psychiatry we do not use harps for curing depression, as David did for Saul in the Bible, but we resort to massacring our fellow men with psychotropic drugs. Just imagine our current state of perfection if we had got this far having focused on studies that were already well-documented thousands of years ago!
The highest of all mantras is AUM, the essence of all things, beyond consciousness, words and concepts. It penetrates the darkness of ignorance and reaches the supreme state. AUM is the primordial sound, where reality without time vibrates and resonates in our whole being. To this sound all creation, and the phenomenic world, is tied. ‘A’ represents Brahma, ‘U’ Vishnu and ‘M’ Shiva, and thus it creates, preserves and destroys. ‘A’ is earth, ‘U’ air and ‘M’ emptiness. Its vibration, which may be compared to the humming of a bee, affects the entire cerebral cortex. At the level of the chakras, it resonates with the fourth, the heart chakra, half way between the three material chakras and the three spiritual ones. It is associated with the most complete yantra, which is the Shri Yantra. It is a bluish green, and, as we will see later, its period or frequency is 136.10 Hz; astronomically, it represents the earth’s year. It corresponds to our Amen, which basically means ‘so be it’. The fact that thousands of years ago they were capable of capturing so precisely such a complex astrophysical measurement (I won’t go into the formula) shows us that AUM has divine attributes (?), and is not only an intelligent philosophical speculation. A topic I decline to treat here.
2) TOMATIS ALFRED
A French ear-nose-and-throat doctor I met in Lyons when I was travelling to Chambery for some patients. An exceptional person who also had financial support from the French government. He was the inventor of sound birthing (rebirthing) and writer of numerous books on a range of subjects, including dyslexia. A great therapist capable of reading the emotional and physical history of a person through a special audiogram. He devoted 50 years to understanding the human ear and its functions. There are authorised centres, as well as some private practitioners, which can be traced on Internet (currently, in 2010, I don’t know). As far as I know, Tomatis died in 2001, and I do not know the quality of his students.
The ear controls the balance, rhythm and movement of the body. The acoustic nerve is connected to the muscles through the spinal cord, and through the vagus to the internal organs. The resonance frequencies of each organ and system vary from high to low, so that something in the region of 3000 Hz activates the cerebral and cognitive functions, whereas, at the opposite end of the spectrum, around 200 Hz promotes movement in the lower part of the body. This explains why the excitement of listening to military bands derives from high-pitched wind instruments; and not without purpose, because the din drives us to march. Perhaps you recall, if you have ever done it at all, being caught up in the excitement and running after the bands? It also explains why in certain ritual dances like the mucumba, where the aim is to “lose one’s head”, it is the drums and lower tones that predominate. No surprise therefore to discover that the music of Mozart and Gregorian chant represent psycho-physical equilibrium. They are in fact in the mid-range of sound, without extremes. Naturally, the biological mid-range is at the level of the heart chakra. Examples abound: consider ultrasound, which we cannot hear, and is used to call hunting dogs, but would drive them, along with many other animals, mad if they were exposed to it for too long. Think of the experimental fact (Backster) that a philodendron prefers a loudspeaker with Mozart (leaning towards it) to light, when placed between the speaker and a window, but almost literally runs a mile when exposed to certain forms of jazz. I am convinced that the poor philodendron would perish inside a discotheque, however well-lit. Youngsters, on the other hand, die outside the discotheque, because half an hour at 80 or more decibels (a discotheque delivers 100 decibels) is all it takes to mistake red for green at the traffic lights. For your information and reference, Indian orchestras use C sharp as the keynote in tuning their instruments, or the AUM, so that when the spectators enter they prepare for the harmony of the orchestra and the earth. The above mentioned philodendron would no doubt applaud.
Each one of us has a unique tonal balance, which a master can identify and grant. Years ago, the greatest of them all (Vemu Mukunda and Nada Yoga) died just months before he was due to arrive in Naples, where we had invited him. There are disciples, but again I do not know their level. I cannot say to what extent modern voice spectrographs, with their focus on the voice, can replace the qualities of tonal balance that Vemu Mukunda could identify in each person. In an age when everyone does everything (and then sells it too), one need only do an Internet search.
Lastly, but not in importance, it is worth recalling the action of sound, or, if you prefer, vibratory frequencies, on the immune system, the neurotransmitters and the endorphins. Melatonin induces deep sleep, with delta waves of between 0.5 and 3 Hz frequency, which do not occur in the REM phase. Even without dreaming, that is where cells regenerate, the immune system and the hormonal balance is restored. Does melatonin generate sound? Not an important distinction. What is the difference between a divine vibration and the vibration of a piece of pasta? None, obviously, except for the frequency, and perhaps the integrated consciousness which would appear to be lacking in the piece of pasta.
3) COUSTO HANS
Musician, or the great connection with Tantra. The man who perceived and tested, with the comforting methods so dear to the West, the connection between sound and the planets, and their influence and interrelatedness with all phenomena to which we are linked. The man who confirmed and translated what the tantrists (and not only the tantrists) already knew with an astonishing and, for us, incomprehensible degree of accuracy.
Cousto penned a book which I recommend: The Cosmic Octave. To clarify the terms, an octave is the eighth grade on the scale of 12 semi-tones which make up the equal temperament system (the octave comes after the Si on the seven-note musical scale, in the interval between two sounds, namely in the Do-double which “returns” after the Si). The overtone, on the other hand, is a harmonic, which I have already referred to. And now we have some confusion, since I am not so clued up about music. No problem. My task is to find and communicate analogies and connections in the underlying functional principle.
Basically, Cousto makes a good job of recalling and establishing the connections between the instruments of tantra, where sight and sound place man in resonance with reality (the hologram), however relative that may be.
The octave which forms the basis of his work is the focal point, being the most dynamic. It connects all natural phenomena, from planets to colours, since they all participate in the universal vibration. Thus the human body resonates dynamically with the earth’s day and its vibratory length, whereas the year brings harmony and tranquillity. The moon’s frequency, on the other hand, relates to the principle of erotic desire, while the sun’s frequency is the domain of extrasensory magic.
Thus the earth’s day vibrates at 194.10 Hz, is associated with the colour orange, vibrates with the DNA, is energetically situated between the first and second chakra and has Sol as its note. The year vibrates at 136.10 Hz, has a blue-green colour, the note C sharp, is situated in the fourth chakra and corresponds to AUM. The frequency of the moon is 227.4 Hz, is connected to the RNA, is situated between the second and third chakras (sexuality and desire), has a yellow-orange colour and the note La. Lastly, but it is by no means the end of the story, the frequency of the sun, which goes beyond all phenomena and is at the limit of existence. It can be very dangerous, and is barely tolerated by most. The frequency is 126.22.
I absolutely refuse to copy out the mathematical formulae which yield the various frequencies, and for which the Indian sages had no need when formulating the AUM.
More practically, all you need are diapasons, pure sounds (which can be bought) in order to assess your degree of tolerance or intolerance for a certain frequency, with all the (approximate) somatic and emotional implications you can find.
Note: I have read numerous studies where the figures mentioned above in Hz do not correspond. While respecting the intentions and research of others, my preferences lie elsewhere and therefore I do not mention them here.
4) MAMAN FABIEN
Very close to Cousto, also a musician, he worked with the physicist Sternheimer and Helene Grimal. Important connections include specific musical notes for each organ and acupuncture points. More interesting studies, however, look at cellular transformations even at 30-40 decibels. I do not know what Maman is doing now, in 2010. Even tumour cells explode at a certain frequency, since they too are limited in what they can bear. If the concept is proving obscure, remember that the battery in your car also has a limiter without which it would malfunction. There have been cases of experimental healing of cancer patients using the sounds of the whole tonal scale. But perhaps Maman’s most notable observations relate to the specificity of the human voice as a therapeutic device, and one that is far more important than any other instrument, including in autotherapy. To conclude, nothing new. The great master of healing with sound was Rife, who, as well as everything else, was able, with his special microscope, to identify the exact frequency of every affliction; this made it possible, by overloading the noxious system alone, to eliminate the disease without side-effects. Obviously Rife was eliminated, having become an alcoholic and committing suicide in 1973, if I am not mistaken. I believe that he beat all records in terms of trials, having reached some six hundred in six months, or thereabouts.
5) MASARU EMOTO
Japanese scientist. He devoted himself first to the diversity of crystals in frozen water observed under the microscope, which changed according to where the water came from. From sacred places to city waters, where there was in fact no crystallisation at all. Masaru went even further with his research, linking the crystals with sounds and photographing the changes. Likewise with words and thoughts. There are two beautiful books of photographs based on his studies. Remember Reich who at the beginning of this piece said that form is nothing more that frozen movement.
I believe it would be possible to use the method as a diagnostic tool, using the serum of patients. Unfortunately, we would have to work in some kind of refrigerator, as did our Japanese scientist, using a microscope and many years of experience.
Masaru went on to conduct numerous experiments with distilled water, which he exposed to music and then froze. Needless to say, classical music and mantras produced beautiful crystals, unlike pop and other similar types of music. Which reminds us of the poor philodendron and certain types of jazz. Likewise our body, which is 70% water, especially our brains, where the water content easily exceeds 85% (some clearly carry more than 100%, just like a watermelon), vibrates with sound and stores activated forms even without freezing.
Masaru, it must be said, did not invent much, as we can see when we observe a beautiful snowfall, when it is very cold, and pay close attention to the particular types of snow crystal; or when I was struck with wonder in the cold Trentino January by the arabesques on the windows of certain shops. Or if we go back to the work of Chladni, the predecessor.
Symbols need rethinking.
6) TUIS RICCARDO TRISTANO
I say nothing about him. In the introduction to 432 Hertz: the musical revolution, the writer defines his book as an opera. Which is precisely what it is, and it is out of respect for operas, and with a view to avoiding disasters, that I refer you to this beautiful, if difficult, work.
The question is the conservation through time of vibratory change, and which are the dominant sounds, both beneficial and harmful. Certainly, as for mantras, repetition guarantees the effect, but may not serve its purpose in the event of strong resonance at the right moment, as appears to be the case of the Word, which I am told was uttered once only. And that was more than enough.